1. Chardonnay

popular white grape originally from Burgundy, France, known for producing rich and buttery wines.


2. Sauvignon Blanc

white grape that is grown in France and around the world, producing wines that are crisp, refreshing, and often herbaceous.


3. Pinot Noir

versatile red grape used to make elegant and complex wines, originally from Burgundy, France.


4. Cabernet Sauvignon

widely planted red grape known for its deep color, high tannins, and rich flavors, originating from Bordeaux, France.


5. Merlot

red grape that is soft and mellow, often blended with other grapes such as Cabernet Sauvignon.


6. Syrah/Shiraz

red grape that produces full-bodied and spicy wines, originally from the Rhone Valley in France.


7. Grenache

red grape that is fruity and high in alcohol, often blended with other grapes such as Syrah and Mourvedre.


8. Tempranillo

red grape that is commonly found in Spain, with flavors of red fruit, vanilla, and leather.


9. Sangiovese

red grape used to make Chianti and other Italian wines that are acidic and tannic.


10. Nebbiolo

red grape that is the main variety used in Barolo and Barbaresco wines from Piedmont, Italy.


11. Riesling

white grape that is known for its floral and citrus notes, often made into sweet wines in Germany.


12. Gewurztraminer

white grape that produces wines with intense aromas of lychee, rose, and spice, found in the Alsace region of France.

13. Chenin Blanc

white grape that is used to make both dry and sweet wines in the Loire Valley of France and elsewhere.


14. Viognier

white grape that is often blended with other varieties, producing wines with tropical and floral notes.


15. Grüner Veltliner

white grape found in Austria that can produce wines with flavors ranging from citrus to white pepper.

16. Muscat

grape used to make sweet, aromatic wines in France, Italy, Spain, and Portugal.


17. Zinfandel

red grape that is often associated with California and produces rich, fruity wines.


18. Malbec

red grape that is often used in blends or to make dark, tannic wines in Argentina.


19. Carmenere

red grape that is the signature grape of Chile, producing wines with flavors of berry and spice.


20. Pinotage

red grape that is a cross between Pinot Noir and Cinsault, producing wines with flavors of dark fruit and earth.


21. Carignan

red grape that is high in acidity and tannins, often used for blending.


22. Touriga Nacional

red grape that is the main variety used in Port wines from Portugal.


23. Verdejo

white grape that is crisp and acidic, grown mainly in the Rueda region of Spain.


24. Albariño

white grape used to make wines in the Rias Baixas region of Spain and often associated with seafood.


25. Glera

white grape used to make Prosecco, a popular sparkling wine from Italy.


26. Trebbiano

white grape that is found in many regions of Italy, producing wines that are light and refreshing.


27. Vermentino

white grape that is often found in Sardinia, producing wines with flavors of citrus and herbs.


28. Nero d’Avola

red grape that is a signature grape of Sicily, producing wines that are full-bodied with dark fruit flavors.


29. Tempranillo Blanco

white mutation of Tempranillo, often found in the Rioja region of Spain.


30. Bobal

red grape that is native to the Utiel-Requena region of Spain, producing wines that are tannic and full-bodied.


31. Tannat

red grape that is known for its high tannins, often grown in Uruguay.


32. Aglianico

red grape that is often found in Southern Italy, producing wines that can be both full-bodied and elegant.


33. Falanghina

white grape that is found mainly in Campania, Italy, and produces wines with notes of apple and pear.


34. Graciano

red grape that is often used in blends in Rioja, Spain, adding complexity and structure.


35. Cannonau

red grape that is the Sardinian name for Grenache, producing wines with high alcohol content and flavors of black fruit.

36. Primitivo

red grape that is genetically identical to Zinfandel and often found in Puglia, Italy.


37. Petit Verdot

red grape that is often blended with other varieties to add tannin and color.


38. Petite Sirah

red grape that is known for its deep color and full-bodied flavors of blackberry and blueberry, often grown in California.


39. Corvina

red grape that is the main variety used in Valpolicella wines from Italy.


40. Verdicchio

white grape that is often found in the Marche region of Italy, producing wines that are crisp and acidic.


41. Vernaccia

white grape that is the signature grape of the San Gimignano region in Tuscany, Italy.


42. Moscato

grape used to make sweet and sparkling wines in Italy, often with a refreshing and effervescent character.


43. Catarratto

white grape that is often found in Sicily, producing wines that are fresh and aromatic.


44. Fiano

white grape that is mainly grown in Campania, Italy, producing wines with flavors of honey and almonds.


45. Palomino

white grape that is used to make sherry in Spain, producing wines that are dry and nutty.


46. Xarel-lo

white grape that is often used to make Cava, a sparkling wine from Catalonia, Spain.


47. Mencia

red grape that is often found in the Bierzo region of Spain, producing wines that are fresh and fruity.


48. Falstaff

red grape that is mainly found in Austria and produces wines that are rich and full-bodied.


49. Blaufränkisch

red grape that is often found in Austria and Hungary, producing wines that are spicy and fruity.


50. Zweigelt

red grape that is a cross between Blaufränkisch and St. Laurent, often found in Austria and producing wines that are fruity and smooth.