Chardonnay is a versatile grape that showcases the unique terroir of its growing region. History: Chardonnay is a green-skinned grape variety that has a long and storied history in the world of wine. It is believed to have originated in the Burgundy region of France, where it has been grown for centuries. The grape takes […]

Cabernet Sauvignon is known to be one of the most widely recognized and widely planted wine grapes globally, admired for its consistent and distinctive characteristics year after year. History: The Cabernet Sauvignon grape is one of the most widely planted grape varieties in the world. It is believed to have originated in the Bordeaux region […]

Light to medium-bodied, with delicate aromas of red fruit and earthy undertones, Pinot Noir is an elegant and complex wine loved for its finesse and versatility with food. History: The Pinot Noir grape is one of the oldest known grape varieties in the world, with a historical lineage that dates back over 2,000 years. It […]

Light, fruity red wine grape with low tannins and high drinkability. History: Gamay is a red wine grape variety that is primarily grown in the Beaujolais region of France. The grape is believed to have originated in the Burgundy region of France in the 14th century, but it was not until the 16th century that […]

Juicy and versatile, Grenache grape is a perfect balance of fruitiness and spice. History: Grenache grape is a red wine grape that has been cultivated for centuries primarily in Spain, France, and Italy. The origins of this grape are unclear, but some believe it could have originated in Italy or Spain. Grenache, also known as […]

An elegant balance of bold tannins and fruity richness in Grenache Tannat. History: Tannat Grape is a red wine grape having Basque origins. It was brought to South America, particularly Uruguay, in the 19th century, and it has now become a primary grape variety in that region. It was also grown in Madiran, France, for […]

Soft, smooth, and seductive notes abound in every sip of Merlot Grape. History: The Merlot grape is one of the world’s most popular wine grapes, and its origins can be traced back to the Bordeaux region of France. The name Merlot is believed to have derived from the French word ‘merle,’ which means blackbird, as […]

Syrah grape offers a range of complex and interesting flavors, making it a must-try for any wine lover. History of the Syrah/Shiraz Grape: Syrah grape, also known as Shiraz, is a red grape variety that has been grown and cultivated for many years around the world. Its origins are still a mystery, but it is […]

Versatile and aromatic grape known for its crisp acidity and notes of citrus, peach, and honey. History: The Riesling grape is a white wine grape variety that is widely grown in many parts of the world. It is believed to have originated in the Rhine region of Germany, where it has been cultivated for centuries. […]

Sangiovese is a vibrant and expressive Italian grape variety, famous for producing medium-bodied wines with high acidity, firm tannins, and flavors of sour cherries, balsamic, and herbs. History of Sangiovese Grape Sangiovese is a red wine grape grown in the central regions of Italy, particularly in Tuscany, Emilia-Romagna, and Umbria. The grape has a long […]

Robust and rustic grape with a distinct earthy character and a savory blend of black pepper, leather, and tobacco. History: The Montepulciano grape is a red wine grape variety that is widely grown in central and southern Italy. It is named after the town of Montepulciano in Tuscany, but it is not to be confused […]

A zesty and refreshing grape with tropical and citrus flavors of grapefruit, passionfruit, and lime, and herbal undertones of bell pepper and grass. History: The Sauvignon Blanc grape is a white wine grape variety that is widely grown in many parts of the world. It is believed to have originated in the Bordeaux region of […]

Tempranillo grape is a versatile and popular variety known for its bold, fruity flavors and medium to high tannins. History: Tempranillo is a red grape variety that is commonly grown in Spain and is the backbone of many of the country’s most famous wines. It is believed to have originated in the Rioja region, which […]

Pinot Grigio grape is a light, crisp variety, with low acidity and delicate floral and fruit (citrus, pear, apple) aromas. History: Pinot Grigio is a white grape variety that is believed to have originated in France, specifically in the Burgundy region. The grape is a mutation of the Pinot Noir grape, and it is known […]

Nebbiolo is a grape variety known for producing bold and complex wines with high tannins and acidity. History of Nebbiolo Grape: Nebbiolo is a red grape variety that is primarily grown in the Piedmont region of Italy. The grape is known for producing some of Italy’s most famous wines, including Barolo and Barbaresco. Nebbiolo is […]

History...

Wine grapes have a long and rich history, dating back thousands of years. Vineyards were established in the Mediterranean world, where grapes were widely used for winemaking. Over time, grapes spread across the world, becoming an integral part of different cultures and religions.

...Today

The world’s most popular grapes continue to shine and represent some of the best wines available. With over 10,000 grape types, winemakers have an incredible variety to work with. Grapevines are constantly being developed through crossbreeding and genetic modification, leading to new and exciting varieties. Many people appreciate the complexity and variety of flavors that wine grapes provide, and enjoy the countless wines made from them. Whether you drink it for pleasure or conversation, the importance of wine grapes remains a universal fact.

Explore the world of grapes with our curated list of 50 most famous varieties, each with its own unique flavor and texture.

50 POPULAR WINE GRAPE VARIETIES IN THE WORLD

1. Chardonnay 

Versatile grape that produces a range of styles, from buttery and rich to crisp and refreshing.

2. Cabernet Sauvignon 

Full-bodied and tannic grape that produces complex and cellar-worthy wines.

3. Pinot Noir 

Delicate and elegant grape that produces wines with a range of flavors, from earthy and fruity to spicy and floral.

4. Sangiovese 

Grape that is the main component of Chianti and produces wines with high acidity and tannins.

5. Grenache

High-yielding grape that produces bold and fruity wines with high alcohol content.

6. Tannat 

Robust and tannic grape that produces powerful and age-worthy wines.

7. Merlot 

Soft and fruity grape that is often blended with Cabernet Sauvignon to add balance to the wine.

8. Syrah/Shiraz 

Bold and spicy grape that produces full-bodied and deeply colored wines.

9. Riesling 

Versatile grape that produces dry, sweet, and sparkling wines with high acidity and floral and fruity flavors.

10. Montepulciano 

Italian grape that produces wines with flavors of cherry, leather, and tobacco.

11. Sauvignon Blanc 

Refreshing and zesty grape that produces wines with flavors of citrus, grass, and herbs.

12. Tempranillo

Spanish grape that produces wines with flavors of cherry, leather, and tobacco.

13. Pinot Grigio/Pinot Gris

White grape, light to full-bodied, low acidity, citrus, apple, and pear flavors. Grown worldwide, pairs well with seafood, poultry, and salads.

14. Viognier 

Aromatic, full-bodied, and low acidity white grape. Peach, apricot, floral notes with a spicy accent. 

15. Nebbiolo 

Italian grape that is the main grape used in Barolo and produces wines with high tannins and flavors of tar and roses.

16. Muscat 

Sweet and aromatic grape that is often used in dessert wines and sparkling wine production.

17. Cabernet Franc 

Rape that produces wines with flavors of raspberry, bell pepper, and tobacco.

18. Vermentino 

Crisp and refreshing grape that is often used in white wine blends.

19. Chenin Blanc 

Versatile grape that is used to produce a range of styles, from dry and crisp to sweet and rich.

20. Grüner Veltliner 

Austrian grape that produces wines with high acidity and flavors of white pepper, lime, and green apple.

21. Malbec

Argentine grape that produces bold and fruity wines with flavors of blackberry, plum, and chocolate.

22. Carménère

Red grape variety with flavors of dark fruit, spice, and green pepper. It produces medium to full-bodied wines and is often blended with other grapes.

23. Pinot Blanc 

White grape that produces crisp and dry wines with flavors of apple and pear.

24. Primitivo

Red grape variety grown mainly in Puglia, Italy. It produces full-bodied, rich and fruity wines, with flavors of blackberry, black cherry, and plum.

25. Glera 

Used to produce Prosecco, a sparkling wine that is light and refreshing.

26. Verdicchio 

Italian grape that produces crisp and refreshing wines with flavors of lemon and almond.

27. Nero d’Avola 

Sicilian grape that produces bold and fruity wines with flavors of blackberry and spices.

28. Barbera 

Italian grape that produces wines with high acidity and flavors of cherry and blackberry.

29. Albariño 

Spanish grape that produces crisp and refreshing wines with flavors of peach and apricot.

30. Gewürztraminer 

Grape that produces aromatic wines with flavors of lychee, rose petals, and spices.

31. Alicante Bouschet 

Grape that is often used in blends to add color and tannins to the wine.

32. Cabernet Franc 

Cabernet Franc is a red grape variety known for producing medium-bodied wines with flavors of red fruit, herbs, and spice.

33. Colombard 

French grape that is often used in blends to add balance and acidity to the wine.

34. Dornfelder 

German grape that produces wines with high acidity and flavors of black cherry and spice.

35. Dolcetto

Italian grape that produces wines with low tannins and flavors of cherry and almond.

36. Falanghina 

Italian grape that produces crisp and refreshing wines with flavors of lemon and white peach.

37. Fiano 

Italian grape that produces wines with high acidity and flavors of apple and pear.

38. Gaglioppo 

Italian grape that produces wines with high acidity and flavors of wild berries and spices.

39. Grechetto 

Italian grape that is often used in blends to add body and acidity to the wine.

40. Loureiro 

Portuguese grape that produces crisp and refreshing wines with flavors of lime and green apple.

41. Petit Verdot 

Grape that is often used in blends to add structure and tannins to the wine

42. Gamay 

Light and fruity grape that is the main grape used in Beaujolais.

43. Cinsalut

Grape variety known for producing light to medium-bodied wines, with flavors of red fruit, spice, and floral notes.

44. Bobal

Variety mainly grown in Spain, known for producing full-bodied wines with flavors of black fruit, herbs, and earthy notes.

45. Touriga

Red grape variety mainly grown in Portugal, known for producing full-bodied and complex wines with flavors of black fruit, spice, and floral notes.

46. Carignan

Red grape variety mainly grown in Spain and France, known for producing medium to full-bodied wines with flavors of dark fruit, spice, and earthy notes.

47. Malvasia

White grape variety known for producing aromatic and fruity wines with flavors of peach, apricot, and citrus. It is grown in many wine regions around the world and is often used for sweet wines.

48. Lambrusco

Red grape variety mainly grown in Emilia-Romagna, Italy, known for producing sparkling and semi-sparkling wines with flavors of red fruit, violets, and a slight sweetness.

49. Frappato

Red grape variety grown mainly in Sicily, Italy. It produces light-bodied and fruity wines, with flavors of red fruit, flowers, and a hint of spice.

50. Vernaccia

White grape variety mainly grown in Tuscany, Italy, known for producing crisp and dry wines with flavors of citrus, green apple, and almond notes. It is often used for the production of Vernaccia di San Gimignano, a highly regarded Italian white wine.


Please note that this list is not exhaustive and there are many other varietals in the world. Each grape brings its own unique set of flavours and characteristics that makes it an integral part of the wine-making process.

See also: 100 Grape Varieties from world That Every Wine Lover Should Know